Custom Thermoelectric - Peltier

Material Properties

 


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The following table lists Density and Thermal Conductivity of various materials.

Material Density Thermal Conductivity
Standard Thermoelectric module (127 couple, 6 amp, lapped)   3.88 W/m-K *
Bismuth Telluride 7530 kg/m3 1.5 W/m-K
     
A    
Acetone @25C   0.16 W/m-K
Acetylene gas @25C   0.018 W/m-K
Acoustic tile 290 kg/m3 0.058 W/m-K
Acrylic @25C   0.20 W/m-K
Air (200K) (-73C) 1.748 kg/m3 0.0181 W/m-K
Air (250K) (-23C) 1.395 kg/m3 0.0223 W/m-K
Air (300K) (27C) 1.161 kg/m3 0.0263 W/m-K
Air (350K) (77C) 0.995 kg/m3 0.0300 W/m-K
Air (400K) (127C) 0.871 kg/m3 0.0338 W/m-K
Air (450K) (177C) 0.774 kg/m3 0.0373 W/m-K
Air (500K) (227C) 0.696 kg/m3 0.0407 W/m-K
Alcohol @25C   0.17 W/m-K
Alumina ceramic 96% 3570 kg/m3 35.3 W/m-K
Aluminum (2024-T6) 2770 kg/m3 177 W/m-K
Aluminum (alloy 195 cast) 2790 kg/m3 168 W/m-K
Aluminum (pure) 2702 kg/m3 237 W/m-K
Aluminum nitride ceramic 3300 kg/m3 230 W/m-K
Aluminum oxide (polycrystaline) 3970 kg/m3 36 W/m-K
Aluminum oxide (sapphire) 3970 kg/m3 46 W/m-K
Amonia gas @25C   0.022 W/m-K
Amonium Nitrate   0.1375 BTU/ft-hr-°F
Antimony @25C   18.5 W/m-K
Argon (gas) 1.66 kg/m3 0.016 W/m-K
Asbestos-cement board 1920 kg/m3 0.58 W/m-K
Asphalt 2115 kg/m3 0.062 W/m-K
     
B    
Bakelite 1280 kg/m3 0.23 W/m-K
Balsa wood @25C   0.048 W/m-K
BeCu 8.25 kg/m3 130 W/m-K
Beef, lean   0.43 - 0.50 W/m-K
Benzene   0.16 W/m-K
Beryllia ceramic 99% 2880 kg/m3 230 W/m-K
Beryllium 1850 kg/m3 200 W/m-K
Beryllium oxide 3000 kg/m3 272 W/m-K
Bismuth 9780 kg/m3 7.86 W/m-K
Bismuth Telluride 7530 kg/m3 1.5 W/m-K
Bitumen   0.17 W/m-K
Boron 2500 kg/m3 27 W/m-K
Boron fiber epoxy (30% vol, k parallel to fibers) 2080 kg/m3 2.29 W/m-K
Boron fiber epoxy (30% vol, k perpen. to fibers) 2080 kg/m3 0.59 W/m-K
Brass 8490 kg/m3 111 W/m-K
Brass (cartridge 70%Cu 30%Zn) 8530 kg/m3 110 W/m-K
Brick (Common) 1920 kg/m3 0.72 W/m-K
Bronze 8150 kg/m3 64 W/m-K
Bronze (commercial 90%Cu 10% Al) 8800 kg/m3 52 W/m-K
Bronze (phospher gear 89%Cu 11%Sn) 8780 kg/m3 54 W/m-K
     
C    
Cadmium 8650 kg/m3 96.8 W/m-K
Calcium Silicate   0.05 W/m-K
Carbon (amorphous) 1950 kg/m3 1.6 W/m-K
Carbon Dioxide gas @25C   0.0146 W/m-K
Cement mortar 1860 kg/m3 0.72 W/m-K
Chalk   0.09 W/m-K
Chlorine gas @25C   0.008 W/m-K
Chromium 7160 kg/m3 93.7 W/m-K
Cobalt 8862 kg/m3 99.2 W/m-K
Concrete 2880 kg/m3 1.09 W/m-K
Constantan (55%Cu 45%Ni) 8920 kg/m3 23 W/m-K
Copper (pure) 8933 kg/m3 401 W/m-K
Copper (OFHC) 8940 kg/m3 392 W/m-K
Copper Tungsten 15650 kg/m3 189 W/m-K
Cork 120 kg/m3 0.039 W/m-K
Cotton 80 kg/m3 0.06 W/m-K
CVD SiC 3.21 g/cm3 700 W/m-K
     
D    
Diamond 3500 kg/m3 2300 W/m-K
     
E    
Ethylene Glycol 1116 kg/m3 0.242 W/m-K
     
F    
Felt (laminated w/ no binder) 120 kg/m3 0.033 W/m-K
Fused Silica 2.2 g/cm3 1.37 W/m-K
     
G    
Germanium 5360 kg/m3 59.9 W/m-K
Glass (common) 2580 kg/m3 0.8 W/m-K
Glass (plate, soda lime) 2500 kg/m3 1.4 W/m-K
Glass (Pyrex) 2225 kg/m3 1.4 W/m-K
Glass (BK-7) 2.53 g/cm3 1.12 W/m-K
Glass fiber, paper faced (insulation blanket and batt) 16 kg/m3 0.046 W/m-K
Glass wool 200 kg/m3 0.04 W/m-K
Glycerol   0.28 W/m-K
Gold 19300 kg/m3 317 W/m-K
Graphite 2560 kg/m3 5.7 W/m-K
Graphite (pyrolytic, k parallel to layers) 2210 kg/m3 1950 W/m-K
Graphite (pyrolytic, k perpen. to layers) 2210 kg/m3 5.7 W/m-K
Graphite fiber epoxy composite (25% vol, Q parallel to fibers) 1400 kg/m3 11.1 W/m-K
Graphite fiber epoxy composite (25% vol, Q perpen. to fibers) 1400 kg/m3 0.87 W/m-K
Gypsum or plaster board 800 kg/m3 0.17 W/m-K
     
H    
Hardwoods (oak, maple) 720 kg/m3 0.16 W/m-K
Helium gas   0.142 W/m-K
Hydrogen gas   0.168 W/m-K
     
I    
Ice ( 0 C) 920 kg/m3 1.88 W/m-K
Inconel (X-750 73%Ni 15%Cr 6.7%Fe) 8510 kg/m3 11.7 W/m-K
Indaloy #2 0.2836 lb/in3 0.43 w/cm C
Invar 36 8.03 g/cm3 13.8 W/m-K
Iridium 22500 kg/m3 147 W/m-K
Iron (cast) 7210 kg/m3 83 W/m-K
Iron (pure) 7870 kg/m3 80.2 W/m-K
Iron (wrought)   59.0 W/m-K
     
J    
     
     
K    
Kovar 8360 kg/m3 16.6 W/m-K
Kerosene   0.15 W/m-K
     
L    
Lead 11340 kg/m3 35.3 W/m-K
Limestone   1.1 W/m-K
     
M    
Magnesium 1740 kg/m3 156 W/m-K
Mercury 13594 kg/m3 8.3 W/m-K
Methane 0.676 kg/m3 0.030 W/m-K
Methanol 791 kg/m3 0.21 W/m-K
Mg AZ218 1.85 g/cm3 76 W/m-K
Mica 2883 kg/m3 0.75 W/m-K
Moly TZM 10.2 g/cm3 146 W/m-K
Molybdenum 10240 kg/m3 142 W/m-K
Monel 400 8840 kg/m3 22 W/m-K
     
     
N    
Nichrome (80%Ni 20%Cr) 8400 kg/m3 12 W/m-K
Nickel (pure) 8900 kg/m3 90.7 W/m-K
Niobium 8570 kg/m3 53.7 W/m-K
Nitrogen (200K) 1.6883 kg/m3 0.0183 W/m-K
Nitrogen (250K) 1.3488 kg/m3 0.0222 W/m-K
Nitrogen (300K) 1.1233 kg/m3 0.0259 W/m-K
Nitrogen (350K) 0.9625 kg/m3 0.0293 W/m-K
Nitrogen (400K) 0.8425 kg/m3 0.0327 W/m-K
Nitrogen (450K) 0.7485 kg/m3 0.0358 W/m-K
Nitrogen (500K) 0.6739 kg/m3 0.0389 W/m-K
Nylon 6 1140 kg/m3 0.25 W/m-K
     
O    
Oxygen gas 1.331 kg/m3 0.024 W/m-K
     
P    
Palladium 12020 kg/m3 71.8 W/m-K
Paper 930 kg/m3 0.18 W/m-K
Particle board (high density) 1000 kg/m3 0.17 W/m-K
Particle board (low density) 590 kg/m3 0.078 W/m-K
Platinum 21450 kg/m3 71.0 W/m-K
Platinum (60%Pt 40%Rh) 16630 kg/m3 47 W/m-K
Plexiglass (acrylic) 1410 kg/m3 0.26 W/m-K
Plywood 545 kg/m3 0.12 W/m-K
Polystyrene expanded foam   0.03 W/m-K
Polyurethane foam 29 kg/m3 0.035 W/m-K
Polyurethane foam (two part mixture, rigid foam) 71 kg/m3 0.026 W/m-K
PVC plastic   0.19 W/m-K
Pyroceram (Corning 9606) 2600 kg/m3 3.98 W/m-K
     
Q    
     
     
R    
Rhenium 21100 kg/m3 47.9 W/m-K
Rhodium 12450 kg/m3 150 W/m-K
Rubber, vulcanized (soft) 1100 kg/m3 0.13 W/m-K
     
S    
Sand 1515 kg/m3 0.27 W/m-K
Saphire 3.98 g/cm3 27.2 W/m-K
Silicon Carbide 3160 kg/m3 490 W/m-K
Silicon dioxide, polycrystalline (fused silica) 2220 kg/m3 1.38 W/m-K
Silicon nitride 2400 kg/m3 16 W/m-K
Silicone (undoped) 2330 kg/m3 144 W/m-K
Silicone dioxide, crystalline (quartz, k parallel to c axis) 2650 kg/m3 10.4 W/m-K
Silicone dioxide, crystalline (quartz, k perpen. to c axis) 2650 kg/m3 6.21 W/m-K
Silver 10500 kg/m3 429 W/m-K
Snow 110 kg/m3 0.049 W/m-K
Solder (63/37 Tin/Lead) 9290 kg/m3 48 W/m-K
Solder (58/42 Bismuth/Tin) 8560 kg/m3 19 W/m-K
Solder (95/5 Tin/Antimony) 7250 kg/m3 28 W/m-K
Stainless Steel (AISI 302) 8055 kg/m3 15.1 W/m-K
Stainless Steel (AISI 304) 7900 kg/m3 14.9 W/m-K
Stainless Steel (AISI 316) 8238 kg/m3 13.4 W/m-K
Stainless Steel (AISI 347) 7978 kg/m3 14.2 W/m-K
Steel (AISI 1010) 7832 kg/m3 63.9 W/m-K
     
T    
Tellurium 6240 kg/m3 1.97 - 3.38 W/m-K
Tin (Sn) 7310 kg/m3 64-67 W/m-K
Titanium 4510 kg/m3 15.6 W/m-K
Tungsten 19350 kg/m3 180 W/m-K
     
U    
Urethane foam   0.021 W/m-K
     
V    
Vacuum 0.00 kg/m3 0.00 W/m-K
     
W    
Water (0C not frozen) 1000 kg/m3 0.566 W/m-K
Water (21C) 997 kg/m3 0.604 W/m-K
Water (50C) 988 kg/m3 0.653 W/m-K
Water (76C) 974 kg/m3 0.668 W/m-K
Water (100C not steam) 958 kg/m3 0.682 W/m-K
Wax   0.084 W/m-K
Wood, oak   0.17 W/m-K
     
     
X    
Xenon gas   0.005 W/m-K
     
Y    
     
     
Z    
Zinc (Zn) 7144 kg/m3 112.2 W/m-K